It is very important to know your rights as an employee. Federal discrimination laws provide basic rights for job applicants and employees. The laws apply to applicants, employees, and former employees. Full-time, part-time, seasonal, and temporary employees are protected. Federal government agencies are covered by the laws. It is important for an employee to make sure that he/she knows his/her rights before start working in any organization. And if you are not sure with you rights, the best place to start is with Human Resources Department (HRD).
Employees have the right to:
Work Free of Discrimination
you absolutely have a right to work free of discrimination. Which means that your manager or supervisor cannot treat you bad or make decisions based on race, color, sex, religion, age, and etc. And this right applies to all types of work decisions such as hiring, promoting, bonuses, and wages.
Complain About Job Discrimination without Retaliation
If you faced any problems related to discrimination you have the right to complain about the treatment that you believe is illegal. Your manager cannot punish you or treat you differently if you report job discrimination. This is you right to be protected from retaliation.
Your employment contract lays out your contractual rights and duties, so any changes to its terms are important, and should normally be agreed on both sides. And every employee should know his/her rights from their contract.
Keep Your Medical Information Private
You have a right that any medical information you share with the Bureau will be kept private. Your manager or supervisor do not have the rights to discuss or mention your medical information with others. Employees have right to complain if their manager exceeded their medical information and used it in a bad or wrong way.
It is very important for a mother and a father to stay with their baby at least three months. Both maternity and paternity leave are required for many reasons. Recently, paternity leave has become more essential in this part of world. And there many activities fathers can do, such as application and documents for birth certificate, necessary translations and approvals along with passport application for the newborn that need to be carried out during official working hours. But the issue is Maternity leave in the UAE is the lowest in the world compared to other European countries. Actually it is less than half of global standard set by international labor organization, according to United Nations statistics. At this time, the duration of maternity leave in the UAE is only 45 days compared to other international labor organization which is 14 weeks. Furthermore, most of the gulf countries are not matching the global standards for maternity leave. It is different with countries like Sweden which offers the longest maternity leave of 480 days. Albania, Croatia, Serbia and United Kingdom provide one year leave. The UAE and other neighbored gulf countries need to focus on maternity and paternity. Parental leave issue needs to be considered in a country. In addition, by implementing this it will make both parents equally responsible for childcare. If the couple were both working, it would be a good idea if they each could take 3 months leave. However, if the father is not going to do anything, then he should not be given paternity leave. Paternity leave should not be used as an excuse to rest or have a holiday.
Culture is important for many aspects of business life especially when a business must interface with people, either as customers, employees, suppliers or stakeholders. There are many researchers that examine the relationship between culture and business life. In this post, we choose Hofstede’s work on culture because it is the most widely cited in existence (Bond 2002; Hofstede 1997) . Moreover, His observations and analysis provide scholars and practitioners with a highly valuable insight into the dynamics of cross-culture relationships (Jones, 2007).We will try to identify whether there is a relationship between Hofstede’s cultural dimensions and employees rights. Furthermore, we choose to examine two of Hofstede’s Cultural dimensions, which are (power distance and Individualism/Collectivism) and try to find if there is a link between these two dimensions and employees rights.
Power Distance has to do with the degree to which unequal distribution of power and wealth is tolerated. Followers are (should be) expected to obey their leaders without questions.(Javidan, House, & Dorfman, 2004)
Individualism is a measure of whether people prefer to work alone or in groups, it indicates the degree of social/community integration. (Jones, 2007)
Collectivism is the degree to which organizational and societal institutional practices encourage and reward collective distribution of resources and collective action. Leaders encourage (should encourage) group loyalty even if individual goals suffer.(Javidan, House, & Dorfman, 2004)
Hofstede analysis gave the Arab world the same data in all the dimensions. The countries that were included in Hofstede researches were Eqypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Saudi Arabia and The United Arab Emirates, demonstrates the Muslim faith plays a significant role in the people’s lives.
High in Power Distance means that these societies are more likely to follow a caste system that does not allow significant upward mobility of its citizens. Moreover, it creates a situation where leaders have virtually ultimate power.
- Does the leaders have ultimate power over the UAE ??
- Does this really have a relation with employees rights??
Low in Individualism means that the UAE is a collectivist society. The people prefer to work in groups and the loyalty in a collectivist culture is paramount and over rides most other societal rules.
- Does this mean that leaders encourage group loyalty even if individual goals suffer??
- If Employees feel great loyalty toward the laws and regulations does that mean that they accepted not having Unions??
Many questions left un-answered, Many researches need to investigate on this topic to know if really there is a relationship between employees rights and cultures.
- Javidan, M., House, R. J., & Dorfman, P. W. (2004). A Nontechinical Summary of GLOBE Findings . In Culture, Leadership and Orgnizations (pp. 29-48). London: SAGE Publications.
- Jones, M. L. (2007). Hofstede- Culturally questionable? Oxford Business & Economics Confrence . Oxford: University If Wollongong.
Economic Development is one of the strongest influences on labor conditions, measured as increases in real per capita income. Many researches concluded that countries with higher per capita income generally have superior labor conditions. Moreover, over period of time, the countries that grow most rapidly enjoy the greatest improvements in labor conditions whether. When economic grows the wages will improve, since growth is an important cure for poverty and wages are the largest part of income for most people. Less obvious are the often-subtle effects that higher incomes have on non-monetary working conditions and on labor rights.
The suspicion that economic growth improves the condition of labor leaves many questions unanswered such as, does all countries with higher economic growth have a superior labor condition. what about a country that didn’t participate in international market? How and why would labor rights and working conditions would change? Those countries have no trade, no international migration and no foreign capital.
And because where focusing practically in UAE the most important question is:
- Does the economic growth in UAE improved labor conditions?
During the last third of the twentieth century, economic growth improved working condition and labor rights in most countries. Negative growth of real per capita GDP between 1970 and 2000 found only in Jamaica, Nicaragua, Peru, Venezuela, and a dozen (mainly sub-Saharan) African countries. To an important extent, the inequality in incomes, non- monetary working conditions, and labor rights observed around the world result from differences in the level of economic development and national economic growth rates. Improving economic growth in the poorest countries encourages improvements in their labor conditions. (Flanagan, 2006)
Recognizing the powerful role of level of development opens a broad policy menu for advancing labor conditions. UAE, no matter what its stance toward economic integration, is capable to improve working conditions and labor rights.
Flanagan, R. J. (2006). Globalization and Labor conditions. New York: Oxford Univesity Press.
Too many employees think they know their rights, but don’t. They quit, certain they have a great case that’s their ticket of the workplace. or they know layoffs are coming and don’t take action to protect themselves. they think they have a great case to sue organizations they work for, but do something that irreparably damages their case.
You may have rights you didn’t even know about, or think you have rights that don’t exist. This post will cover some basic employee rights, and try to clear up some misconceptions. We hope to provide information that can inform you of your workplace rights and responsibilities.
- How to educate workers on rights? by Daniel Chandranayagam.. This article talks about how can employers educate their employees about their rights in the workplace. Its important that employers help their employees to know what are their responsibilities and what they will get in return.
- Overview of Employee Rights by Donna Ballman.. This article will help you to know some of your rights that you might never heard about. It covers discrimination, harassment, breaks, right to work, benefits, contracts, hours, illness, disability, whistleblower, and privacy.
A book by Richard C. Busse, a must read book for all employees and employers and its a practical guide that talks about all you need to know about workplace law, and how to use it to protect your job.Your Rights at Work guides you through the maze of regulations that concern you. It teaches you how to protect yourself and when to use the rights you are entitled to.
A book by Barbara Kate Repa, it’s the most complete handbook on workplace laws ever published and it’s a must-have for eve employees. Your Rights in the Workplace covers everything from rules for hiring and getting paid through losing a job and unemployment benefits. Link
A book by Patricia Hogue Werhane, Tara J. Radin, Normann E. Bowie, this is a book for anyone who wishes to understand more about employees rights and the revolutionizing of employment models, Employment and Employee Rights addresses the issue of rights in the workplace from the perspective of both employees and employers. Link
A book by William H. Holley, Kenneth M. Jennings , Roger S. Wolters, it provide you with the latest information available on current research, issues and events in Labor relations. The book integrates real-world examples and quotes from practitioners. This comprehensive text examines the labor movement from its inception to current and emerging trends, including topics such as unions, labor agreements, collective bargaining, arbitration, and labor relations in government, white-collar, and international contexts. Link
1- Wage System … to ensure all employees are paid on at least once a month.
All employees in the UAE registered with the ministry of labor are obliged to pay employees through the Wages Protection System (WPS), a Senior Official at the Ministry of Labor has said that all companies in the UAE must register with the system even if means an additional financial burden. ” We will take tough action against all companies who do not pay the employees salaries”.
This is a good move by the Ministry of Labor in the UAE to ensure that all employees are paid fairly and on time.
Read More ; “All Companies have to abide by wage system“
2-’Ensuring Workers’ health, safety is smart investment.
This article talks about the importance of health care for employees. The National Oil Company (ENOC) Environment Health, Safety and Quality Compliance chief officer Says that “It is important that employers take care of their workers very well and talk to experts about it”. He also said that “Implementing good occupational health practices is necessary in any organization because it produces great benefits for businesses such as higher employee productivity and morale lower employee turnover and cost savings,”
3- Increase in demand for skilled workers – Survey.
The UAE is seeing an increase in demand for skilled workers, an improving job market and an overall rise in confidence in job security. In this article, Robert Half, the world’s leading specialized recruitment company talks about 2011 UAE Salary Guide report.
“Our survey shows that 86 percent of respondents in Dubai are more confident about their company’s growth prospects compared to the previous year,” the report said. “This compares favourably to the global average of 78 percent. Additionally, 37 percent of respondents from Dubai indicate they are more confident about their job security compared to last year, versus the global average of 21 percent.”
Read More; “Increased demand for skilled workers – survey“
4- labour reforms on the right track.
The Labour Ministry has introduced a new classification system for companies to ensure compliance of the private sector with national regulation.
This new Emiratisation system replaces a 2005 policy with a similar structure. In that system the different sectors had different requirements regarding the percentage of Emiratis that were employed at the firm.
The minister noted that the past system was concerned with the mix of cultural diversification within businesses, while the new system will allow a business to climb through the classification levels attaining rewards that recognize their commitment to Emiratisation and other standards such as wage levels and housing.
Read More; “Labour reforms on the right track“
Islam honored and cared for workers and recognized their rights for the first time in history aiming to administer social justice and provide a decant life for them. The biography of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) is the best evidence for the greatness of the islamic civilization’s look to workers, as he recognized their rights. The Prophet also obligated employers to pay their workers for their efforts without injustice or procrastination.
Islam encourage employers to give employees their rights, and not only muslims but all other people from different religions. Moreover, islam acknowledged natural rights for workers as citizens in the community and passed many regulations that allowed social equality and the possibility of a decant life for them and their families .
Islam acknowledged :
- The Right of a Compensation
- The Right to have leaves
Read more about this topic ” Rights of Workers in Islam” Click here
“Workers’ rights in islam” Click here
After reading many articles about this topic I find it interesting that Islam give employees the freedom to form Unions, and that means ” Islam has no relationship with countries not giving employees the right to voice their opinion or form a union “
What do you think ?? ..
In Each year the Human Development Report publish the Human Development Index(HDI) which was introduced as an alternative to conventional measures of national development such as level of income and the rate of economic growth.
Between 1980 and 2010 United Arab Emirates’s HDI rose by 0.9% annually from 0.627 to 0.815 today, which give the country a rank of 32 out of 196 countries with comparable date. The HDI of Arab States as a region increased from 0.398 in 1980 to 0.590 today, placing United Arab Emirates about the regional average. (HDI)
The Human Development Report had proven that the UAE government is on the right track in trying to help people to develop in many fields such as health, education and also work. Eventually this will ensure fair and equal protection for all employees.
Read More “Improved human development” Click here
“UAE Mideast topper in Human Development” Click here
As we know in each company they must have employee to work and develop the company, so these employee need to have a right in their work, in some countries these is a right for their employee to let their voice to be heard, but in other countries employee can’t and they are not allowed to voice their opinion and express their idea. As we are citizen we have a right in our county also the foreign people have the rights here in UAE. after along search we have found according to the law employees in UAE can voice their opinion.
Human Right in UAE
Human Right in UAE are legally protected by the constitutions of the UAE, which confers equality, liberty, rule of law, presumption of innocence in legal procedure inviolability of the lone, freedom of movement, freedom of opinion and speech, freedom of communication, freedom of religion, freedom of council and association, freedom of occupation, freedom to be elected to office and other onto all citizen within the limited of law.
United Arab emirates is held to be one of the most liberal country in middle east specially when it compared with their neighborhood countries such as Saudi Arabia and Iran.
Development In UAE
Due to the rapid development in UAE from a traditional society to modern and international society. According to these multicultural society many employees from other countries comes to UAE to work from different societies and culture, so each country have special rule to deals with employee. For example; here in UAE according to the law employee have the right to voice their opinion and express their idea, But in other countries they are not allowed to voice their opinion. So due to these numbers of employees from different areas of the world many problems exist to work place which need be controlled by law or by manager.
US department of state
According to US department of state annual report on human right practices, the UAE is violating the number of fundamental practices. The government of UAE does not have democratically elected institution and citizens don’t have the right to change their government to form political practices. Its right that UAE government had provided the freedom of speech but these right are very limited. Negative comment about Islam or other religion, rulers Family, Government or UAE citizen “ By expatriates “ are punishable by imprisonment, although this regulation is rarely enforced.
Migrant and labor right
Who are migrants?
Migrants are the same as immigrants, which mean is the introduction of new people from other countries into a habitat or population, it’s a biological concept and it’s not important in population ecology.
In UAE there are a lots of migrants workers, which almost they make up more than 80% of the resident population of the UAE and the account for the 90% of its workforce. They lack rights associated with citizenship and face verity if restriction in their right as workers.
Labor law issue
The UAE has four main types of labor law:-
1- Federal labor law – applies to all seven Emiratis.
2- JAFZA labor law – applies to Dubai Jabel Ali Free Zone
3- TECOM labor law – applies to Dubai Technology and media free zone properties: Internet city, media city, studio city, and international media production zone.
4- DIFC labor law – applies all companies in the Dubai International financial Center free zone.
Labor Law issue
Labor law generally favor the employee and are less focused on the rights of employees, the ministry of labor is criticized for loosely enforcing these laws. Most not ably late or no wage or overtime payment for both blue collar and white collar.
According to fee zone labor law are more easier and friendly to employer, because it gives them the right to move from company to other unlike the federal of UAE law labor which automatically bans employees for period of six month up to a year for leaving a company before competing one year. So these kind of law discourage free labor movement and give employers unfair advantages in salary negotiation.
Why employee voice is important?
Employees often have ideas, information and opinions which help to improve and develop work and work organizations.
Some employees exercise their voice and express their idea information and opinion, on the other hand there are a lot of employee who have a creative ideas but they keep silent because they faired from the law or maybe they think that they don’t have the right to or freedom to speech.
But here in UAE each employees even the cleaner and the homemade they have the right to speech and express their idea to the society and the government will fell more than happy to hear from those people “Employee” because they think that their talks will encourage the country even if it was a small issue and the people need in the society.
So if they didn’t talk and they are facing lots of problems, How will the Sheikhs’ or even the mangers will know about them and help them.
So, Sheikhs’ are exists to Develop the society and we exist to help them to improve and develop with our speech and work.
Read more “Why you should let Employees voice their opinion” Click Here
Employee Voice and Employee Retention Click Here
Discussing employee rights issue is very important because all employees be treated and compensated fairly at all times. Although many countries have their own regulations and law about the employee rights, but the majority of employees are not aware about their legal rights and employment laws in favor of the employees in terms of holidays, salaries, pensions, and bonuses. However, when we compare the practice of employee rights in the gulf or in the UAE specifically and Europe we notice the differences between them. The rules and the laws could be the same, but the reaction of employees would be different. Around three months ago France moves to raise minimum age of retirement from 60-62, but the reaction of French people was extremely strong and ongoing. It is estimated between one and three million French people (of a total population of 62 million) took to the streets in a series of protests that continued for a week. While the UAE has a different situation, Emiratis working in both the government and private sectors are eligible for pensions provided they have accomplished certain conditions as specified by the General Authority for Pension & Social Security (GAPSS). These include: either reaching the retirement age of 60, or having worked for a minimum twenty years in total whether in government or private sectors, provided that he/she has submitted his/her resignation. Therefore, the reaction of employees varies from country to country. It depends on how the organization concerns about their employee rights and needs.
Read more “France Moves to Raise Minimum Age of Retirement ” Click here